Going from 2% of electric vehicles to 50% in just nine years will require a massive effort, and there is no guarantee that Biden’s plan will work as intended. One of the biggest hurdles is the battery issue.
The manufacture of lithium-ion batteries currently used to power many electric vehicles generates more carbon emissions than gasoline-powered cars. Most electric vehicle batteries are now produced in China, Thailand, Germany and Poland, using non-renewable energies such as petroleum and coal.
And the raw materials needed for batteries, including lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese and graphite, are largely mined in poor Third World countries that are likely to receive only a fraction of the revenues of multinational corporations. who sell them.
The Global Battery Alliance estimates that the annual volume of raw materials that will need to be mined by 2030 to meet Biden’s ambitious goal will be greater than the volume of the 300 Great Pyramids at Giza.
Then there is the problem of fire. For example, Foothill Transit in California, which serves Los Angeles and parts of the San Gabriel and San Bernadino valleys, was an early adopter of electric buses and currently has 32 in its fleet of 373 buses.
But in July, only 34% of electric buses were operational. Some have been sidelined while awaiting exhibits; others have had transmission issues or timing issues. Worse yet, an electric bus caught fire and was a total loss.